Also in 1895: Louis and Auguste Lumière patent their cinématographe and project the first motion pictures for a public audience; Japan defeats China in the First Sino-Japanese War; Marconi receives radio signals broadcast from 2km away; Sigmund Freud and Josef Breuer publish their Studies in Hysteria; Alfred Dreyfus sent to prison; discovery of the cave paintings in Grotte de la Mouthe, in France; helium is discovered on Earth; Booker T. Washington delivers his controversial Atlanta address, prioritizing progress and uplift over legal equality; The Importance of Being Earnest bows onstage in London, mere months before Wilde's arrest and sentencing for gross indecency; thousands of Armenians die in the Urfa massacre; the London School of Economics is founded; W.E.B. Du Bois receives his Ph.D. from Harvard; the first game of American football is played in Pennsylvania.
Newly in print: Almayer's Folly (Conrad); Jude the Obscure (Hardy); The Red Badge of Courage (Crane); A Red Record (Wells); The Time Machine (Wells); Trilby (du Maurier); The Women's Bible (Stanton)
Born in 1895: Mikhail Bakhtin, Richard Barthelmess, Busby Berkeley, Buckminster Fuller, King George VI, Robert Graves, J. Edgar Hoover, Max Horkheimer, Buster Keaton, Dorothea Lange, F.R. Leavis, Bert Lahr, Hattie McDaniel, Lewis Milestone, Lewis Mumford, Paul Muni, Dudley Nichols, Mabel Normand, Babe Ruth, Rudolph Valentino
Died in 1895: Frederick Douglass, Alexandre Dumas (fils), Friedrich Engels, José Martí, Louis Pasteur, Leopold von Sacher-Masoch